tirsdag den 28. marts 2017

Maria da Penha-loven i Brasilien

På sin Facebook-side skriver advokaten om Lisbeth Markussen og Angelina Malou Avalon Mathisen:

To danske kvinder kom til Brasilien for at beskytte deres børn mod vold i hjemmet. De valgte Brasilien efter at have hørt om Maria da Penha-loven, som er anerkendt af FN som en af verdens mest effektive love, når det gælder beskyttelsen af kvinder. Brasilien bliver nødt til at give disse traumatiserede kvinder og deres børn asyl og beskytte dem mod alt, hvad der er overgået dem.


Hvad var nu det for en lov? var vi flere, der gerne ville vide. 

Maria da Penha var en farmaceut-studerende, der i maj 1983 blev skudt af sin mand en nat, mens hun sov. Det resulterende hul i hendes rygsøjle gjorde hende lam fra nakken og nedefter, men hun døde ikke. Da hun to uger efter kom tilbage fra hospitalet, nu i rullestol, prøvede han at dræbe hende ved at fifle med den elektriske bruser, mens hun tog bad.

Den sag, Penha herefter rejste mod sin mand, fik lov at ligge hen ved retterne i to årtier, mens hendes mand gik frit omkring. Langt ind i 90'erne accepterede brasilianske domstole stadig, at en mand, som myrdede sin utro kone, som forsvar kunne hævde at være blevet vanæret.  

Maria da Penha fortæller i et interview til BBC sidste år, at hun brugte 19 år og seks måneder på at kæmpe for at få ham fængslet, og i løbet af det tidsrum blev han fundet skyldig ad to omgange, men forlod retssalene som en fri mand, fordi han ankede dommene.



I 2002 blev han  omsider idømt fængselsstraf i otte år –– men blev løsladt efter et år. 

Mange år senere kritiserede Menneskerettighedsdomstolen i en skelsættende  dom den brasilianske regering  for ikke at gøre nok for at retsforfølge og domfælde udøvere af partnervold. Det resulterede i, at den brasilianske regering i 2006 vedtog en lov med det symbolske navn "Maria da Penha-loven om partnervold og vold i familien."

Loven forlængede straffene for partnervoldsudøvere, etablerede særlige domstole for partnervold og krævede,  at myndighederne etablerede krisecentre for voldsramte kvinder.

Maria da Penha har turneret landet med foredrag om partnervold lige siden. “Mange kvinder fortæller mig, at de ville være døde uden den lov,” siger hun til BBC.



Hele interviewet kan læses her ligesom der er flere detaljer på UN Women's website.

The case da Penha filed languished in court for two decades, while Maria's husband remained free. Years later, in a landmark ruling, the Court of Human Rights criticized the Brazilian government for not taking effective measures to prosecute and convict perpetrators of domestic violence. In response to this, the Brazilian government in 2006 enacted a law under the symbolic name “Maria da Penha Law on Domestic and Family Violence. - See more at: http://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2011/8/maria-da-penha-law-a-name-that-changed-society#sthash.Oz6nxHnr.dpuf
The case da Penha filed languished in court for two decades, while Maria's husband remained free. Years later, in a landmark ruling, the Court of Human Rights criticized the Brazilian government for not taking effective measures to prosecute and convict perpetrators of domestic violence. In response to this, the Brazilian government in 2006 enacted a law under the symbolic name “Maria da Penha Law on Domestic and Family Violence. - See more at: http://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2011/8/maria-da-penha-law-a-name-that-changed-society#sthash.Oz6nxHnr.dpuf
May 1983, biopharmaceutist Maria da Penha Fernandes was fast asleep when her husband shot her, leaving her a paraplegic for life. Two weeks after her return from the hospital, he tried to electrocute her.
The case da Penha filed languished in court for two decades, while Maria's husband remained free. Years later, in a landmark ruling, the Court of Human Rights criticized the Brazilian government for not taking effective measures to prosecute and convict perpetrators of domestic violence. In response to this, the Brazilian government in 2006 enacted a law under the symbolic name “Maria da Penha Law on Domestic and Family Violence.
On the fifth anniversary of Law in August 2011, the National Council of Justice of Brazil collected data showing positive results: more than 331,000 prosecutions and 110,000 final judgments, and nearly two million calls to the Service Center for Women.
Positive results that da Penha shares with some reservations.
“Before the Act, the domestic violence was a crime considered of low potential offensive, she says. “That reality has changed, and indeed in all the places I go to give talks women find themselves ‘saved by the Law,' but we need more financial resources to implement it in all its power.
The Maria da Penha Act establishes special courts and stricter sentences for offenders, but also other instruments for the prevention and relief in cities of more than 60,000 inhabitants, such as police stations and shelters for women.
- See more at: http://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2011/8/maria-da-penha-law-a-name-that-changed-society#sthash.Oz6nxHnr.dpuf
May 1983, biopharmaceutist Maria da Penha Fernandes was fast asleep when her husband shot her, leaving her a paraplegic for life. Two weeks after her return from the hospital, he tried to electrocute her.
The case da Penha filed languished in court for two decades, while Maria's husband remained free. Years later, in a landmark ruling, the Court of Human Rights criticized the Brazilian government for not taking effective measures to prosecute and convict perpetrators of domestic violence. In response to this, the Brazilian government in 2006 enacted a law under the symbolic name “Maria da Penha Law on Domestic and Family Violence.
On the fifth anniversary of Law in August 2011, the National Council of Justice of Brazil collected data showing positive results: more than 331,000 prosecutions and 110,000 final judgments, and nearly two million calls to the Service Center for Women.
Positive results that da Penha shares with some reservations.
“Before the Act, the domestic violence was a crime considered of low potential offensive, she says. “That reality has changed, and indeed in all the places I go to give talks women find themselves ‘saved by the Law,' but we need more financial resources to implement it in all its power.
The Maria da Penha Act establishes special courts and stricter sentences for offenders, but also other instruments for the prevention and relief in cities of more than 60,000 inhabitants, such as police stations and shelters for women.
- See more at: http://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2011/8/maria-da-penha-law-a-name-that-changed-society#sthash.Oz6nxHnr.dp
May 1983, biopharmaceutist Maria da Penha Fernandes was fast asleep when her husband shot her, leaving her a paraplegic for life. Two weeks after her return from the hospital, he tried to electrocute her.
The case da Penha filed languished in court for two decades, while Maria's husband remained free. Years later, in a landmark ruling, the Court of Human Rights criticized the Brazilian government for not taking effective measures to prosecute and convict perpetrators of domestic violence. In response to this, the Brazilian government in 2006 enacted a law under the symbolic name “Maria da Penha Law on Domestic and Family Violence.
On the fifth anniversary of Law in August 2011, the National Council of Justice of Brazil collected data showing positive results: more than 331,000 prosecutions and 110,000 final judgments, and nearly two million calls to the Service Center for Women.
Positive results that da Penha shares with some reservations.
“Before the Act, the domestic violence was a crime considered of low potential offensive, she says. “That reality has changed, and indeed in all the places I go to give talks women find themselves ‘saved by the Law,' but we need more financial resources to implement it in all its power.
The Maria da Penha Act establishes special courts and stricter sentences for offenders, but also other instruments for the prevention and relief in cities of more than 60,000 inhabitants, such as police stations and shelters for women.
- See more at: http://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2011/8/maria-da-penha-law-a-name-that-changed-society#sthash.Oz6nxHnr.dpu
May 1983, biopharmaceutist Maria da Penha Fernandes was fast asleep when her husband shot her, leaving her a paraplegic for life. Two weeks after her return from the hospital, he tried to electrocute her.
The case da Penha filed languished in court for two decades, while Maria's husband remained free. Years later, in a landmark ruling, the Court of Human Rights criticized the Brazilian government for not taking effective measures to prosecute and convict perpetrators of domestic violence. In response to this, the Brazilian government in 2006 enacted a law under the symbolic name “Maria da Penha Law on Domestic and Family Violence.
On the fifth anniversary of Law in August 2011, the National Council of Justice of Brazil collected data showing positive results: more than 331,000 prosecutions and 110,000 final judgments, and nearly two million calls to the Service Center for Women.
Positive results that da Penha shares with some reservations.
“Before the Act, the domestic violence was a crime considered of low potential offensive, she says. “That reality has changed, and indeed in all the places I go to give talks women find themselves ‘saved by the Law,' but we need more financial resources to implement it in all its power.
The Maria da Penha Act establishes special courts and stricter sentences for offenders, but also other instruments for the prevention and relief in cities of more than 60,000 inhabitants, such as police stations and shelters for women.
- See more at: http://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2011/8/maria-da-penha-law-a-name-that-changed-society#sthash.Oz6nxHnr.dpuf

1 kommentar:

  1. Maria da Penha ❤️ What a story �� What a Woman ❤️
    Stina Truesen mom etc

    SvarSlet